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Prostate cancer is a disease that develops in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped organ located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The main function of this gland is to produce fluid that helps transport sperm.
The exact cause of prostate cancer isn't known, but research suggests several factors may play a role:
Being older than 50 years old
Having a family history of prostate cancer or other types of cancers (hereditary)
Having high levels of testosterone (hypergonadism)
Early-stage prostate cancer can be difficult to detect, but there are some signs and symptoms that may indicate you have it. If you experience any of the following, see your doctor:
A need to urinate more often than usual (more than 8 times per day)
Difficulty starting urination or an inability to empty your bladder completely when you do go
Pain or burning during urination
Blood in urine or semen
The tests used to diagnose prostate cancer include:
A digital rectal exam (DRE) is a physical exam in which your doctor or nurse inserts a finger into the anus and feels for any abnormalities. This can help determine if there are any lumps or bumps on the prostate gland.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test measures how much PSA is in your blood; this test is often used as part of a screening program because it's simple, inexpensive and noninvasive. However, it doesn't tell you whether you have cancer or not; only that something may be wrong with your prostate gland. The results of this test should always be interpreted by an experienced physician who knows what normal values are for each patient based on age group and other factors such as race/ethnicity or family history of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer treatment options include:
Surgery. A surgeon removes the prostate and surrounding tissue, which may be all or part of the gland. The procedure is called radical retropubic prostatectomy if it's done through an incision at the base of your penis (pubic area). It's called laparoscopic radical retropubic prostatectomy if it's done with small incisions in your abdomen instead of one large one on your pubic area; this method is less invasive than traditional surgery and recovery time is shorter.
Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy). This type of cancer treatment uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing and dividing into new tumors. During radiation therapy, doctors aim beams directly at tumors inside organs such as your rectum or pelvis that can't be removed surgically because they're too close to nearby organs like nerves and blood vessels that connect to other parts of your body--or because they're too large for surgeons to safely remove without damaging nearby structures like nerves or blood vessels connected elsewhere within those same areas where surgery isn't possible due either directly due their size alone making removal impossible without damaging surrounding structures like nerves, etc.
It's important to note that there is no cure for prostate cancer. However, you can take steps to reduce your risk of developing it by making lifestyle changes and following a healthy diet. Here are some tips on how you can prevent this disease:
Get plenty of exercise. Exercise helps keep your weight down, which may lower the risk of developing prostate cancer by reducing insulin levels in the body and improving insulin sensitivity (the ability of cells in the body to use glucose). It also improves circulation throughout your body--including blood flow to the pelvis area where tumors tend to develop--and boosts testosterone levels in men who have low levels due to aging or illness such as diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2).
Eat foods rich in antioxidants such as berries and green tea along with foods high in omega-3 fatty acids found primarily in fish like salmon or tuna but also some nuts like walnuts/almonds/cashews etc. Research has shown that the combination of these two foods can help prevent prostate cancer.
The following are risk factors for prostate cancer:
Age. The older you are, the more likely you are to develop prostate cancer. Most cases occur in men over 65 years old, but some cases can occur at younger ages.
Family history of prostate cancer or breast cancer (in one's mother or sister). If one of your parents had either of these cancers, then it may be more likely that you will develop them as well.
Race/ethnicity: African Americans have higher incidence rates than Caucasians; however, Asians appear not to have an increased risk compared with other ethnic groups.
Lifestyle factors: Obesity and lack of physical activity increase risk; however smoking appears protective against developing this condition
Prostate cancer can impact your sex life in a number of ways. Depending on the stage and severity of your prostate cancer, you may experience changes in your ability to have an erection or ejaculate semen.
For example, if you are being treated for early-stage prostate cancer with hormone therapy (LHRH agonists), this treatment can cause erectile dysfunction by lowering testosterone levels in men. This can lead to problems with getting or keeping an erection that lasts long enough for intercourse. The good news is that there are many options available today for treating erectile dysfunction caused by LHRH agonists like Viagra or Cialis--and these medications are safe when used as directed by your doctor!
If you're in a relationship, it's important to talk about prostate cancer with your partner. They can help you manage the emotional side of things and assist in taking care of practical matters like household tasks, errands and finances. It may also be helpful for them to know about any physical changes that might affect their sex life or make it difficult for you to get an erection (erectile dysfunction).
If you're single, don't let this stop you from seeking out support from friends and family members who know what's going on in your life. Some people find it easier than others to open up about their feelings; if this isn't true for you then consider joining a support group where other men share experiences similar to yours
If you're a man with prostate cancer and your job involves heavy lifting, it's important to talk with your employer about how you can continue working safely.
For example, if you have a desk job but need to lift something heavy every day, ask for help from colleagues or coworkers. If they don't have time or aren't able to help out, try asking someone else in the office who might be willing--or even ask another department if they'd be willing to lend a hand!
If possible, try switching tasks with someone else so that one person doesn't have all of the heavy lifting responsibilities while another gets less strenuous work assignments. This can help ensure that everyone gets adequate rest between shifts and doesn't overexert themselves during their shift times (which could lead them into trouble).
In conclusion, prostate cancer is a serious disease that can have a significant impact on a man's life. While there is no cure, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing the disease. These include maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle, exercising regularly, and getting regular checkups with your urologist. If you do develop prostate cancer, know that there are many effective treatment options available that can help you manage the disease and maintain a good quality of life.
It's important to talk openly with your healthcare team and loved ones about your concerns and any changes you're experiencing. With the right support and care, you can overcome the challenges of prostate cancer and continue to live a fulfilling life. Contact us today and schedule your appointment for a prostate cancer screening (212) 991-9991.